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Saturday, February 17, 2024

Architect Breaks Down the Design Of 4 Iconic New York Metropolis Museums: the Met, MoMA, Guggenheim & Frick

Con­textual content could not depend for each­factor in artwork. However as beneath­scored by each­one from Mar­cel Duchamp (or Elsa von Frey­tag-Lor­ing­hoven) to the jour­nal­ists who occa­sion­al­ly con­vince vir­tu­oso musi­cians to busk in dingy pub­lic areas, it cer­tain­ly counts for some­factor. Whether or not or not you consider that artistic endeavors retain the identical essen­tial val­ue no mat­ter the place they’re beheld, some envi­ron­ments are certain­ly extra con­ducive to appre­ci­a­tion than oth­ers. The ques­tion of simply which design ele­ments make the dif­fer­ence has occu­pied muse­um archi­tects for cen­turies, and in New York Metropolis alone, you possibly can direct­ly expe­ri­ence greater than 200 years of daring exer­cis­es and exper­i­ments within the kind.

Within the Archi­tec­tur­al Digest video above, archi­tect Michael Wyet­zn­er (pre­vi­ous­ly fea­tured right here on Open Cul­ture for his exege­ses of New York’s aside­ments, bridges, and sub­approach sta­tions, in addition to Cen­tral Park and the Chrysler Construct­ing) makes use of his professional knowl­edge to disclose the design choic­es which have gone into the Met­ro­pol­i­tan Muse­um of Artwork, the Muse­um of Mod­ern Artwork, the Solomon R. Guggen­heim Muse­um, and the Frick Col­lec­tion. No two of those well-known artwork insti­tu­tions have been con­ceived in fairly the identical peri­od, none look or really feel fairly the identical because the oth­ers, and we could be rea­son­ably certain that no sin­gle piece of artwork would look fairly the identical if it have been moved between any of them.

Occu­py­ing 5 blocks of Cen­tral Park, MoMA is much less a construct­ing than a col­lec­tion of construct­ings — every added at a dif­fer­ent time, in a mode of that point — and certainly, much less a col­lec­tion of construct­ings than “a metropolis unto itself,” as Wyet­zn­er places it.  (No gained­der Clau­dia and Jamie Kin­caid may run away from dwelling and go unno­ticed liv­ing in it.) The com­par­a­tive­ly mod­est MoMA has additionally grown addi­tion-by-addi­tion, start­ning with a “stripped-down type of mod­ernism” that stood effectively out on the West 53rd avenue of the late thir­ties. It opened as the primary of the various “clear white field­es” that would seem throughout the coun­attempt — and lat­er the world — to indicate the artwork of the twen­ti­eth and twen­ty-first cen­turies.

The orig­i­nal MoMA construct­ing stays strik­ing in the present day, however it’s now flanked by expan­sions from the fingers of Philip John­son, Cesar Pel­li, Yoshio Taniguchi, and Jean Nou­v­el. A lot much less like­ly to have any­factor connected to it’s the Guggen­heim, with its prompt­ly rec­og­niz­ready spi­ral design by Frank Lloyd Wright. Based mostly on an thought by Le Cor­busier, its nar­row atri­um-wrap­ping gal­leries do current cer­tain dif­fi­cul­ties for the prop­er dis­play of large-scale artwork­works. Wyet­zn­er additionally males­tions the oft-heard crit­i­cism of Wright’s hav­ing “cre­at­ed a mon­u­ment to him­self — however it’s one hell of a mon­u­ment.”

Final comes “the orig­i­nal construct­ing for the Whit­ney Muse­um of Amer­i­can Artwork, which lat­er grew to become the Met Breuer, which now has change into the Frick. Who is aware of what it’ll change into subsequent.” The sec­ond of its names refers to its archi­tect, the Bauhaus-trained Mar­cel Breuer (he of the Wass­i­ly chair), whose mus­cu­lar design “slices off” the muse­um from the brown­stone neigh­bor­hood that sur­rounds it. With its “open, loft-like areas,” it professional­vides a con­textual content meant for the artwork of its time, a lot because the Met, MoMA, and the Guggen­heim do for the artwork of theirs. However all these insti­tu­tions have suc­ceed­ed simply as a lot by carv­ing out con­texts of their very own within the open-air muse­um of archi­tec­ture and concrete­ism that’s New York Metropolis.

Relat­ed con­tent:

Archi­tect Breaks Down 5 of the Most Icon­ic New York Metropolis Aside­ments

The 5 Inno­v­a­tive Bridges That Make New York Metropolis, New York Metropolis

How Cen­tral Park Was Cre­at­ed Whole­ly By Design & Not By Nature: An Archi­tect Breaks Down America’s Nice­est City Park

An Archi­tect Breaks Down the Design of New York Metropolis Sub­approach Sta­tions, from the Previous­est to Latest

A Whirl­wind Archi­tec­tur­al Tour of the New York Pub­lic Library — “Hid­den Particulars” and All

A 3D Ani­ma­tion Reveals the Evo­lu­tion of New York Metropolis (1524 — 2023)

Based mostly in Seoul, Col­in Marshall writes and broad­casts on cities, lan­guage, and cul­ture. His tasks embrace the Sub­stack newslet­ter Books on Cities, the guide The State­much less Metropolis: a Stroll by Twenty first-Cen­tu­ry Los Ange­les and the video collection The Metropolis in Cin­e­ma. Fol­low him on Twit­ter at @colinmarshall or on Face­guide.

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