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Friday, February 16, 2024

The Writing Techniques of the World Defined, from the Latin Alphabet to the Abugidas of India


The Korean alphabet, hangul, is “probably the most scientific writing system.” One typically hears that in South Korea, a society that has taken to coronary heart Asia scholar Edwin O. Reischauer’s description of hangul as “maybe probably the most scientific system of writing generally use in any nation.” However no matter their scientific credentials, all the opposite writing techniques in use (and certainly out of use) have fascinating qualities of their very own, a spread of that are defined in the UsefulCharts video above on the writing techniques of the world — not simply the alphabets of the world, thoughts you, but additionally the abjads, the syllabaries, the logo-syllabaries, and the abugidas.

The symbols utilized in an abjad, like that of Hebrew or Arabic (or historic Egyptian hieroglyphs), symbolize solely consonants; as for vowels, “the readers are anticipated so as to add them in on their very own, primarily based on context.” In a syllabary, just like the hiragana and katakana utilized in Japanese, every character represents a syllable: に for “ni,” ほ for “ho,” ん for “n” (although linguists little doubt argue about whether or not that final ought to actually matter as a syllable).

However many of the Japanese writing is tailored from the Chinese language one, a logo-syllabary through which “a single character can stand for a novel syllable or a whole phrase or concept,” which ends up in “1000’s of characters that must be realized for primary literacy.”

Abugidas, primarily utilized in Indian and southeast Asian languages (but additionally to write down Amharic, the language of Ethiopia), “have distinctive characters each for vowels and for consonants. Nevertheless, these vowel letters are typically solely utilized in conditions the place a phrase begins with a vowel.” In any other case, a “small change” made to a consonant character signifies which vowel follows. Nevertheless mechanically or aesthetically various they might seem, none of those writing techniques (all pictured on a poster from UsefulCharts, obtainable for $19.95 USD) are so basically completely different that they will’t be mastered by a non-native with effort and time. Not that they’re all as simple as hangul, which — as its commissioner King Sejong the Nice put it, in one other quotable quote — a clever man can study earlier than the morning is over, and a silly man can study in ten days.

Associated Content material:

How Writing Has Unfold Throughout the World, from 3000 BC to This Yr: An Animated Map

The Evolution of the Alphabet: A Colourful Flowchart, Protecting 3,800 Years, Takes You From Historic Egypt to In the present day

Tips on how to Learn Historic Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A British Museum Curator Explains

The Atlas of Endangered Alphabets: A Free On-line Atlas That Helps Protect Writing Techniques That Might Quickly Disappear

Uncover Nüshu, a Nineteenth-Century Chinese language Writing System That Solely Girls Knew Tips on how to Write

Tips on how to Write in Cuneiform, the Oldest Writing System within the World: A Brief, Charming Introduction

Primarily based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and tradition. His initiatives embrace the Substack e-newsletter Books on Cities, the e book The Stateless Metropolis: a Stroll via Twenty first-Century Los Angeles and the video collection The Metropolis in Cinema. Observe him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Fb.

 



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