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Sunday, June 16, 2024

What’s Beneath London? Uncover London’s Forbidden Underworld

When the phrases Lon­don and below­floor come togeth­er, the very first thing that involves most of our minds, nat­u­ral­ly, is the Lon­don Beneath­floor. However although it could benefit from the hon­or­ready dis­tinc­tion of the world’s first rail­option to run beneath the streets, the stal­wart Tube is tough­ly the one factor buried beneath town — and much certainly from the previous­est. The video above makes a jour­ney by var­i­ous sub­ter­ranean stra­ta, begin­ing with the paving stone and con­tin­u­ing by the soil, elec­tric cables, and gasoline pipelines beneath. From there, issues get Roman.

First comes the Billings­gate Roman Home and Baths and the Roman amphithe­ater, two pre­served locations from what was as soon as referred to as Lon­dini­um. Under that lev­el run sev­er­al now-under­floor rivers, simply above the depth of Win­ston Churchill’s pri­vate bunker, which is now fundamental­tained as a muse­um.

Far­ther down, at a depth of 66 ft, we discover the stays of Lon­don’s tube sys­tem — not the Tube, however the pneu­mat­ic tube, a 9­teenth-cen­tu­ry tech­nol­o­gy that would hearth encap­su­lat­ed let­ters from one a part of town to anoth­er. Extra effec­tive and longer lived was the lat­er, extra deeply put in Lon­don Put up Workplace Rail­means, which was used to make deliv­er­ies till 2003.

At 79 ft below­floor, we ultimate­ly meet with the Beneath­floor — or at the very least the primary and shal­low­est of its eleven traces. The Tube has lengthy change into an essen­tial a part of the lives of most Lon­don­ers, however across the similar depth exists anoth­er facil­i­ty recognized to rel­a­tive­ly few: the Cam­den cat­a­combs, a sys­tem of below­floor pas­sages as soon as used to sta­ble the hors­es who labored on the rail­methods. Fur­ther down are the online­work of World Warfare II-era “deep shel­ters,” one in every of which host­ed the plan­ning of D‑Day; beneath them is a still-func­tion­al facil­i­ty instru­males­tal to the defeat of dif­fer­ent ene­mies, typhus and cholera. That may be Lon­don’s sew­er sys­tem, for which we must always spare a thought if we’ve ever walked alongside the Thames and appre­ci­at­ed the truth that it now not stinks.

Relat­ed con­tent:

How Lon­dini­um Grew to become Lon­don, Lute­tia Grew to become Paris, and Oth­er Roman Cities Received Their Mod­ern Names

The Misplaced Neigh­bor­hood Buried Beneath New York Metropolis’s Cen­tral Park

“The Gained­der­floor Map of Lon­don City,” the Icon­ic 1914 Map That Saved the World’s First Sub­means Sys­tem

Beneath­ci­ty: Explor­ing the Beneath­bel­ly of New York Metropolis

The Genius of Har­ry Beck’s 1933 Lon­don Tube Map–and How It Rev­o­lu­tion­ized Sub­means Map Design Each­the place

Paris Beneath­floor

Primarily based in Seoul, Col­in Marshall writes and broad­casts on cities, lan­guage, and cul­ture. His tasks embrace the Sub­stack newslet­ter Books on Cities and the e-book The State­much less Metropolis: a Stroll by Twenty first-Cen­tu­ry Los Ange­les. Fol­low him on Twit­ter at @colinmarshall or on Face­e-book.

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